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spora v1

Spora seeks to explore the potential of 3d printing with living matter capable of growth by using moss as a key component of the printing material. Through a series of 3D printed vases, the project examines the possibility of moss to serve as a structural growth medium instead of a decorative covering.

Moss has many beneficial properties including the capability to absorb moisture and prevent soil erosion, create a foundation for other plant species, and at a large scale, potentially improve air quality and absorb carbon from the atmosphere. Therefore, what would happen if we integrated moss into our built environment on a large scale? What symbiotic relationships could start to form between architecture and environment?


Credit: Bryo


Fern Moss (Thudium Delicatulum)


Credit: Steffan Rotter


This figure shows a series of results from the Octopus Multi-Object Optimization analysis in Grasshopper. The variables included the different sine wave combinations and the goals were to reduce the amount of material used while maximizing the amount of surface area suitable for moss growth.

10 Hours

Deep contours are used to increase the possibility of moss viability through self-shading and water retention.

4 Hours

This zone will get the least hours of direct sunlight because the form is self-shading. Therefore, no contours are used.

6-8 Hours

Receiving moderate amounts of sunlight, the patterning around this area is less pronounced

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